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    Metabolic footprinting: a new approach to identify physiological changes in complex microbial communities upon exposure to toxic chemicals.

    Henriques, In??s D S; Aga, Diana S; Mendes, Pedro; O'Connor, Seamus K; Love, Nancy G

    Environmental science & technology. 2007;41(11):3945-51.

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    Abstract

    Metabolic footprinting coupled with statistical analysis was applied to multiple, chemically stressed activated sludge cultures to identify probable biomarkers that indicate community stress. The impact of cadmium (Cd), 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), and N-ethyl-maleimide (NEM) shock loads on the composition of the soluble fraction of activated sludge cultures was analyzed by gross biomolecular analyses and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Fresh mixed liquor from four distinct treatment plants was each divided in four different batches and was subjected to no chemical addition (control) and spike additions of the stressors Cd, DNP, or NEM. The results indicate that chemical stress caused a significant release of proteins, carbohydrates, and humic acids from the floc structure into the bulk liquid. Using discriminant function analysis (DFA) with genetic algorithm variable selection (GA-DFA), the samples subjected to the different stress conditions plus control could be differentiated, thereby indicating that the footprints of the soluble phase generated by LC-MS were different for the four conditions tested and, therefore, were toxin-specific but community-independent. These footprints, thus, contain information about specific biomolecular differences between the stressed samples, and we found that only a limited number of m/z (mass to charge) ratios from the mass spectra were needed to differentiate between the control and each stressed sample. Since the experiments were conducted with mixed liquor from four distinct wastewater treatment plants, the discriminant m/z ratios may potentially be used as universal stress biomarkers in activated sludge systems.

    Bibliographic metadata

    Content type:
    Published date:
    Language:
    eng
    Abbreviated journal title:
    ISSN:
    Place of publication:
    United States
    Volume:
    41
    Issue:
    11
    Pagination:
    3945-51
    Pubmed Identifier:
    17612173
    Access state:
    Active

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    University researcher(s):

    Record metadata

    Manchester eScholar ID:
    uk-ac-man-scw:67053
    Created by:
    Pedrosa Mendes, Pedro
    Created:
    21st October, 2009, 11:32:37
    Last modified by:
    Pedrosa Mendes, Pedro
    Last modified:
    21st October, 2009, 11:32:37