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Pulmonary effects of type V cyclic GMP specific phosphodiesterase inhibition in the anaesthetized guinea-pig.

Turner, N C; Dolan, J S; Grimsditch, D; Lamb, J; Worby, A; Murray, K J; Coates, W J; Warrington, B H

British journal of pharmacology. 1994;111(4):1047-1052.

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1. We have investigated the bronchodilator potential of type V phosphodiesterase (PDE V) inhibitors in anaesthetized ventilated guinea-pigs using the potent and selective PDE V inhibitor, SK&F 96231. We have compared its activity to that of salbutamol, the PDE III inhibitors, siguazodan and SK&F 95654 and to the PDE IV inhibitor rolipram. 2. Administered as an i.v. infusion SK&F 96231 (0.6 and 1 mg kg-1 min-1, i.v.) caused a slowly developing inhibition of histamine (100 nmol kg-1, i.v.)-induced bronchoconstriction and elevated tracheal cyclic GMP levels in the anaesthetized guinea-pig. SK&F 96231 (0.1 and 0.3 mg kg-1 min-1, i.v.) was without effect on histamine-induced bronchoconstriction. In the presence of a sub-threshold infusion of SNP (0.1 mumol kg-1 min-1, i.v.) there was a marked enhancement of SK&F 96231-induced inhibition of histamine responses such that at infusion rates that were ineffective alone, SK&F 96231 caused a > 50% inhibition of histamine responses. The stimulation of tracheal cyclic GMP accumulation by SK&F 96231 was also potentiated. 3. Administered directly into the airway, SK&F 96231 (300 micrograms in 5 mg lactose carrier) was largely without effect on histamine-induced bronchoconstriction (4.9 +/- 1.9% inhibition). In the presence of SNP (0.1 mumol kg-1 min-1, i.v.) or isosorbide dinitrate (200 micrograms administered by insufflation into the trachea) there was a marked potentiation of the inhibitory activity of SK&F 96231 (40 +/- 4% and 62 +/- 1.8% respectively). 4. Salbutamol and rolipram (3-300 microg by insufflation) caused a dose-related inhibition of histamine responses with a maximum of 91 +/- 2% and 59 +/- 10% respectively. The PDE III inhibitor, siguazodan,was without effect on histamine responses but they were reduced (27.7 +/- 4.8% at 300 microg) by SK&F95654. There was a marked enhancement of the inhibitory activity of rolipram in the presence of SK&F 95654.5. We conclude that SK&F 96231 has weak anti-spasmogenic activity in the guinea-pig in vivo, we suggest that this is primarily a consequence of a low endogenous guanylate cyclase activity in the airway. The potentiation of the anti-spasmogenic activity of SK&F 96231 by SNP suggests that a combination of PDE V inhibitor and guanylate cyclase agonist might provide significant bronchodilator activity.6. We have established that PDE IV inhibitors are bronchodilators when administered directly into the airway of anaesthetized guinea-pigs but that PDE III inhibitors are only weakly active. The marked enhancement of the inhibitory activity of rolipram by the PDE III inhibitor, SK&F 95654, indicates that inhibitors of both PDE III and PDE IV might offer greater potential as bronchodilators than inhibitors of either isoenzyme alone.

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Created by:
Lamb, Janine
13th October, 2009, 16:01:58
Last modified by:
Lamb, Janine
Last modified:
3rd March, 2010, 16:01:24

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