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Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment

C.D. Murray, J. Fox, D.J. Wilde, C. Simmonds, and T.L.J. Howard

The Journal of Parapsychology. 2007;70(1):105-123.

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Abstract

Within this paper we report on the use immersive virtual reality (IVR) as an experimental environment and medium for the study of telepathy. Our own Telepathy Immersive Virtual Environment (TIVE) uses three-dimensional computer graphics technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and exploration in conjunction with head mounted displays (HMDs), sound, instrumented data gloves which allow participants to interact with virtual objects. Here we report the results of a test of telepathic communication using TIVE. A total of 200 participants (88 males, 112 females, mean age = 28.9, range 16-64 yrs, SD = 9.13) were tested in pairs, once as a sender and once as a receiver. This study did not find support for the psi hypothesis, either in terms of directional hitting or in a post hoc magnitude analysis, where the outcomes were no different from what would be expected by chance. Suggestions for this outcome are discussed along with suggestions for further work.

Bibliographic metadata

Type of resource:
Content type:
Publication type:
Publication form:
Published date:
ISSN:
Volume:
70
Issue:
1
Start page:
105
End page:
123
Total:
19
Pagination:
105-123
Access state:
Active

Institutional metadata

University researcher(s):

Record metadata

Manchester eScholar ID:
uk-ac-man-scw:53563
Created by:
Howard, Toby
Created:
13th October, 2009, 15:10:39
Last modified by:
Howard, Toby
Last modified:
13th October, 2009, 15:12:08

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