Polymorphism at codon 469 of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 locus is associated with protection against severe gastrointestinal complications in Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Amoli MM, MatteyD.L, CalvinoM.C, Garcia-PorruaC, Thomson W, HajeerA.H, Ollier WER, Gonzalez-GayM.A
Journal of Rheumatology. 2001;28, 5:1014-1018.
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OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a small sized vasculitis affecting mainly children. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene polymorphisms have recently been implicated in the susceptibility to some vasculitides. To further investigate the clinical implication of ICAM-1 polymorphisms in HSP, we examined their potential association and influence in the development of severe complications in an unselected series of patients with HSP. METHODS: Fifty-two patients, of which 41 were children, were diagnosed with HSP using classification criteria of Michel, et al at the Hospital Xeral-Calde (Lugo, Spain); 129 ethnically matched controls were included. Patients had at least one year of followup. Patients and controls were genotyped by allelic oligonucleotide techniques for ICAM-I polymorphism at codon 241 and 469. RESULTS: The frequency distribution of the alleles and genotypes for each ICAM-1 polymorphism did not show significant differences between HSP patients and controls. Also, no differences between patients with or without renal manifestations were found. However, the frequency of the codon 469 K/E genotype was significantly decreased in patients without severe gastrointestinal manifestations compared to those with them (22.29 vs 65%, OR 0.1, p = 0.02, after correction for age, sex, and disease duration). None of the 11 adults exhibited the R/G genotype at codon 241 compared with 7 of 41 children (OR 0.0, 95% CI 0.0-2.9, p = 0.14). Patients with the R/G genotype were associated with low incidence of renal manifestations and none developed permanent renal involvement (renal sequelae); however, this finding did not achieve statistical significance. CONCLUSION: ICAM-1 polymorphisms alone are not associated with development of HSP, but patients not carrying the codon 469 K/E genotype are at decreased risk of developing severe gastrointestinal complications. The R/G polymorphism at codon 241 may reduce the risk of renal sequelae in the development of HSP in adulthood
Adolescent; Adult; Alleles; Child; Child,Preschool; Codon; Disease; Disease Susceptibility; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage; Gene Frequency; Genotype; Human; Incidence; Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; Kidney Diseases; Male; Middle Age; Polymorphism,Single Nucleotide; Purpura,Schoenlein-Henoch; Risk; Risk Factors; Spain; Vasculitis; classification; complications; epidemiology; etiology; genetics; methods